Proverbs 1:1-7, NIV 2011 “1 The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel: 2 for gaining wisdom and instruction; for understanding words of insight; 3 for receiving instruction in prudent behavior, doing what is right and just and fair; 4 for giving prudence to those who are simple, knowledge and discretion to the young— 5 let the wise listen and add to their learning, and let the discerning get guidance— 6 for understanding proverbs and parables, the sayings and riddles of the wise. 7 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge, but fools despise wisdom and instruction.”
What is a Proverb?
Proverbs is a comparison. They compare wisdom against the backdrop of foolishness.
Proverbs 17:1 NIV 2011 “Better a dry crust with peace and quie than a house full of feasting, with strife.”
Proverbs 5:18-20 NIV 2011 “May your fountain be blessed, and may you rejoice in the wife of your youth. 19 A loving doe, a graceful deer— may her breasts satisfy you always, may you ever be intoxicated with her love. 20 Why, my son, be intoxicated with another man’s wife? Why embrace the bosom of a wayward woman?
The book of proverbs is a two - part book.
Proverbs are wisdom literature and therefore they are general principles and not absolute promises.
Proverbs 22:6 NIV 2011 “Start children off on the way they should go, and even when they are old they will not turn from it.”
What is the purpose or goal of Proverbs?
The single purpose of proverbs is to make us wise or to know wisdom.
Proverbs 1:1-2 NIV 2011 “The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:2 for gaining wisdom and instruction;”
WIsdom defined is skill in living - Temper Longman III - scholar “How to Read Proverbs”
Wisdom is skill in living - it is knowledge applied to real life.
Another way to think about wisdom is - IQ versus EQ
Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Coleman -
EQ - Being able to continually motivate yourself over the long haul. The ability to hold down a good job for a long season, to be blessed by a consistent and constant relationships, and to passionately pursue your goals with skill.
One way we can understand wisdom is to take a look at the company it keeps.
Proverbs 1:2-4 NIV 2011 - “To know wisdom and instruction, to understand words of insight,3 to receive instruction in wise dealing, in righteousness, justice, and equity; 4 to give prudence to the simple, knowledge and discretion to the youth—”
Synonyms for Wisdom- vs. 2 - 4
Understanding and knowledge
Righteousness, justice and equity
Prudence and discretion
Who is the audience of this book?
Proverbs 1:1-2 NIV 2011 “The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:2 for gaining wisdom and instruction”
Who wants to gain wisdom?
Everybody - to anyone who seeks wisdom
Another audience is the simple - to give prudence to the simple and discretion to the youth. v4
The wise - Let the wise hear and increase in learning, v5
The fool needs to hear wisdom
The good news of this is that all of us act like fools sometimes and we are not beyond the reach of Jesus, who the N.T. says is our wisdom from God.
5. The primary audience of this book is Father speaking to his son(s)
Proverbs 3:1 NIV 2011, “My son, do not forget my teaching, but let your heart keep my commandments,”
Proverbs 3:1 NIV 2011, “My son, do not despise the Lord's discipline or be weary of his reproof,”
This is call of the God to You. My adopted children through Jesus Christ I want you to live a wise life.
What is the source of Proverbs?
Proverbs 1:7 NIV 2011, ”The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction.”
The source of wisdom is the fear of the Lord.
The bible says that Jesus Christ is our wisdom. 1 Corinthians 1:18-30 NIV
Colossians 2:1-3 NIV 2011 “For I want you to know how great a struggle I have for you and for those at Laodicea and for all who have not seen me face to face, 2 that their hearts may be encouraged, being knit together in love, to reach all the riches of full assurance of understanding and the knowledge of God's mystery, which is Christ, 3 in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.”
The question is not only am I pursuing wisdom, but I have come to the person of Jesus Christ who is wisdom, have I given him my sin and received his grace.
1 Samuel 17:8-11, NIV 2011 “8 Goliath stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, “Why do you come out and line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and are you not the servants of Saul? Choose a man and have him come down to me. 9 If he is able to fight and kill me, we will become your subjects; but if I overcome him and kill him, you will become our subjects and serve us.” 10 Then the Philistine said, “This day I defy the armies of Israel! Give me a man and let us fight each other.” 11 On hearing the Philistine’s words, Saul and all the Israelites were dismayed and terrified.”
1 Samuel 17:26, NIV 2011 “26 David asked the men standing near him, “What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and removes this disgrace from Israel? Who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the living God?”
1 Samuel 17:32-40, NIV 2011 32 David said to Saul, “Let no one lose heart on account of this Philistine; your servant will go and fight him.” 33 Saul replied, “You are not able to go out against this Philistine and fight him; you are only a young man, and he has been a warrior from his youth.” 34 But David said to Saul, “Your servant has been keeping his father’s sheep. When a lion or a bear came and carried off a sheep from the flock, 35 I went after it, struck it and rescued the sheep from its mouth. When it turned on me, I seized it by its hair, struck it and killed it. 36 Your servant has killed both the lion and the bear; this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, because he has defied the armies of the living God. 37 The Lord who rescued me from the paw of the lion and the paw of the bear will rescue me from the hand of this Philistine.” Saul said to David, “Go, and the Lord be with you.”38 Then Saul dressed David in his own tunic. He put a coat of armor on him and a bronze helmet on his head. 39 David fastened on his sword over the tunic and tried walking around, because he was not used to them. “I cannot go in these,” he said to Saul, “because I am not used to them.” So he took them off. 40 Then he took his staff in his hand, chose five smooth stones from the stream, put them in the pouch of his shepherd’s bag and, with his sling in his hand, approached the Philistine.
Sometimes, God uses challenges to remind us He is moving.
Sometimes, God moves to remind us that we aren’t.
1 Samuel 17:41-50, NIV 2011, “41 Meanwhile, the Philistine, with his shield bearer in front of him, kept coming closer to David. 42 He looked David over and saw that he was little more than a boy, glowing with health and handsome, and he despised him. 43 He said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come at me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. 44 “Come here,” he said, “and I’ll give your flesh to the birds and the wild animals!” 45 David said to the Philistine, “You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. 46 This day the Lord will deliver you into my hands, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your head. This very day I will give the carcasses of the Philistine army to the birds and the wild animals, and the whole world will know that there is a God in Israel. 47 All those gathered here will know that it is not by sword or spear that the Lord saves; for the battle is the Lord’s, and he will give all of you into our hands.” 48 As the Philistine moved closer to attack him, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet him. 49 Reaching into his bag and taking out a stone, he slung it and struck the Philistine on the forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell facedown on the ground. 50 So David triumphed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone; without a sword in his hand he struck down the Philistine and killed him.”
God always moves because he has a bigger plan.
God will call and we must remember:
God has a proven track record.
If He calls, then He will equip.
He loves a good story.
Psalm 107:1-3, NIV 2011 1 Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good; his love endures forever. 2 Let the redeemed of the Lord tell their story— those he redeemed from the hand of the foe, 3 those he gathered from the lands, from east and west, from north and south.
Mark 4:35-41 35 That day when evening came, he said to his disciples, “Let us go over to the other side.” 36 Leaving the crowd behind, they took him along, just as he was, in the boat. There were also other boats with him. 37 A furious squall came up, and the waves broke over the boat, so that it was nearly swamped. 38 Jesus was in the stern, sleeping on a cushion. The disciples woke him and said to him, “Teacher, don’t you care if we drown?” 39 He got up, rebuked the wind and said to the waves, “Quiet! Be still!” Then the wind died down and it was completely calm. 40 He said to his disciples, “Why are you so afraid? Do you still have no faith?” 41 They were terrified and asked each other, “Who is this? Even the wind and the waves obey him!”